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Parsa National Park
Parsa National Park is a protected area in the inner terai lowlands of south-central Nepal. It covers an area of 627.39 km2 (242.24 sq mi) in the parsa,makwanpur, and bara districts and ranges in altitude from 435 m (1,427 ft) to 950 m (3,120 ft). It was established as a wildlife reserve in 1984. A buffer zone declared in 2005 comprises 285.3 sq km(110.2 sq mi) In 2015, the protected area has been extended by 128 km2 (49 sq mi). Since 2017, it has the status of a National Park. The typical vegetation of the park is tropical and subtropical forest types with sal forest constituting about 90% of the vegetation.
In the north of the protected area the Rapti river and siwalik hill form a natural boundary to human settlements. In the east it extends up to the hetauda– birgunj highway. In the south, a forest roads demarcates the boundary. Adjacent to the west is chitwan national; park. Together with the Indian Tiger Reserve valmiki national park, the coherent protected area of 2,075 sq km (801 sq mi) represents the tiger Conservation Unit (TCU) Chitwan-Parsa-Valmiki, which covers a 3,549 km2 (1,370 sq mi) block of alluvial grasslands and subtropical moist deciduous forests. Before being converted to a protected area, the region used to be a hunting ground of the ruling class.
Parsa Wildlife Reserve Jungle Safari is spread over Chitwan, Makwanpur, Parsa and Bara which offers an opportunity to experience the unique nature and culture of plain Terai. Parsa Wildlife Reserve is the largest wildlife reserve of Nepal which covers about 627.4 sq km of land area. Parsa Wildlife Reserve is fully covered with Sal forest with tropical and subtropical vegetation which makes perfect habitat for a large variety of rare and endangered animal and bird species.Parsa Wildlife Reserve is easy to reach as we can take either air flight or bus drive. It takes about 8 hour drive from Kathmandu to the reserve headquarter Adhabar whereas air flight takes about 15 minutes to fly up to Simra in Bara district.
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